你知道什么样的实用新型专利无法取得授权吗?

//你知道什么样的实用新型专利无法取得授权吗?

你知道什么样的实用新型专利无法取得授权吗?

“专利法所称实用新型,是指对产品的形状、构造或者其结合所提出的适于实用的新的技术方案”

——专利法实施细则第2条第2款

我国实用新型的概况:“周期短”、“费用低” 是申请人所认同的实用新型专利主要特点。实用新型的申请量曾经多年位居三种专利之首,是国内申请人申请量最大的专利类别。

专利不予授权的情况

1、违反专利法第五条:对违反法律、社会公德、或者妨害公共利益的发明创造,不予授予专利权。

2、对违反法律、行政法规的规定获取或者利用遗传资源,并依赖该遗传资源完成的发明创造,不授予专利权。

专利法不予授权的情景

一、第二十五条对下列各项,不授予专利权:

(一)科学发现;

(二)智力活动的规则和方法;

(三)疾病的诊断和治疗方法;

(四)动物和植物品种;

(五)用原子核变换方法获得的物质;

(六)对平面印刷品的图案、色彩或者二者的结合作出的主要起标识作用的设计。

对前款第(四)项所列产品的生产方法,可以依照本法规定授予专利权。

二、专利法实施细则第四十四条 :(一)发明专利申请是否明显属于专利法第五条、第二十五条的规定,或者不符合专利法第十八条、第十九条第一款的规定,或者明显不符合专利法第三十一条第一款、第三十三条、本细则第二条第一款、第十八条、第二十条的规定;

(二)实用新型专利申请是否明显属于专利法第五条、第二十五条的规定,或者不符合专利法第十八条、第十九条第一款的规定,或者明显不符合专利法第二十六条第三款、第四款、第三十一条第一款、第三十三条、本细则第二条第二款、第十三条第一款、第十八条至第二十三条、第四十三条第一款的规定,或者依照专利法第九条规定不能取得专利权。

三、实用新型要求有固定的形状,可以是三维立体的,也可以是二维平面的,但总之这种形状必须能够固定,而单纯的气态的、液体的、粉末状、颗粒状的物质不能申请为实用新型专利(但用某种颗粒状的东西做一个有新意的拳击沙袋,这可以看作是实用新型,纯粹的气态的、液态的等不能申请实用新型专利)。另外在分子层面上的改进或者是混合物成分的变化得出的东西不能申请实用新型专利。如药品、饮料等。

四、只是改变外观图案、色彩、装饰等得出的产品不能申请外观专利,但这种外观的改变能有某种实际的作用的可以申请实用新型专利,比如在衣服上涂上很特别的颜色,可以吸收更多的阳光使之更保暖,这可以申请实用新型专利。

单纯的材料代替或者生产的方式不同得出的相同形状结构的产品不能申请实用新型专利,如木头的象棋子代替金属的,雕刻的代替铸模的等等。

授权条件

1、新颖性。概念:是指该发明或实用新型不属于现有技术;也没有任何单位或者个人就同样的发明或者实用新型在申请日以前向国务院专利行政部门提出过申请,并且记载在申请日以后公布的专利申请文件或者公告的专利文件中。

2、创造性。概念:创造性,是指与现有技术相比,该发明具有突出的实质性特点和显著的进步,该实用新型具有实质性特点和进步。

3、实用性。概念:实用性是指发明或者实用新型能够制造或者使用,并且能够产生积极效果。

By | 2018-03-15T12:43:53+08:00 三月 22nd, 2018|Categories: 专利问答|Tags: |你知道什么样的实用新型专利无法取得授权吗?已关闭评论

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This Sliding Bar can be switched on or off in theme options, and can take any widget you throw at it or even fill it with your custom HTML Code. Its perfect for grabbing the attention of your viewers. Choose between 1, 2, 3 or 4 columns, set the background color, widget divider color, activate transparency, a top border or fully disable it on desktop and mobile.

This Is A Custom Widget

This Sliding Bar can be switched on or off in theme options, and can take any widget you throw at it or even fill it with your custom HTML Code. Its perfect for grabbing the attention of your viewers. Choose between 1, 2, 3 or 4 columns, set the background color, widget divider color, activate transparency, a top border or fully disable it on desktop and mobile.

This Is A Custom Widget

This Sliding Bar can be switched on or off in theme options, and can take any widget you throw at it or even fill it with your custom HTML Code. Its perfect for grabbing the attention of your viewers. Choose between 1, 2, 3 or 4 columns, set the background color, widget divider color, activate transparency, a top border or fully disable it on desktop and mobile.

This Is A Custom Widget

This Sliding Bar can be switched on or off in theme options, and can take any widget you throw at it or even fill it with your custom HTML Code. Its perfect for grabbing the attention of your viewers. Choose between 1, 2, 3 or 4 columns, set the background color, widget divider color, activate transparency, a top border or fully disable it on desktop and mobile.

This Is A Custom Widget

This Sliding Bar can be switched on or off in theme options, and can take any widget you throw at it or even fill it with your custom HTML Code. Its perfect for grabbing the attention of your viewers. Choose between 1, 2, 3 or 4 columns, set the background color, widget divider color, activate transparency, a top border or fully disable it on desktop and mobile.

This Is A Custom Widget

This Sliding Bar can be switched on or off in theme options, and can take any widget you throw at it or even fill it with your custom HTML Code. Its perfect for grabbing the attention of your viewers. Choose between 1, 2, 3 or 4 columns, set the background color, widget divider color, activate transparency, a top border or fully disable it on desktop and mobile.